To combat astronomical wealth inequality across the United States, Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) on Thursday introduced the For the 99.8% Act (pdf), which would impose a progressive estate tax on the ultra wealthy and significantly raise rates on the nation’s billionaires.
“The fairest way to reduce wealth inequality, invest in the disappearing middle class, and preserve our democracy is to enact a progressive estate tax on the inherited wealth of multi-millionaires and billionaires.”
—Sen. Bernie Sanders
“Our bill does what the American people want by substantially increasing the estate tax on the wealthiest families in this country and dramatically reducing wealth inequality,” Sanders said in a statement that specifically pointed to the Koch, Walton, and Bezos families.
The Independent senator’s proposal comes just days after Senate Republicans showed that “greed has no limit for the GOP” by putting forward a bill to permanently repeal the estate tax, a move that critics blasted as yet another “blatant giveaway to their wealthy donors.”
“At a time of massive wealth and income inequality, when the three richest Americans own more wealth than 160 million Americans, it is literally beyond belief that the Republican leadership wants to provide hundreds of billions of dollars in tax breaks to the top 0.2 percent,” Sanders declared Thursday.
Like the bill currently being pushed by the Senate’s Republican leaders, Sanders’ measure would also target the wealthiest 0.2 percent of Americans—but unlike the GOP legislation, it aims to make the rich pay more in taxes, and close loopholes that have enabled them to easily pass on massive wealth to younger relatives.
Specifically, Sanders’ plan would establish:
- a 45 percent tax on the value of an estate between $3.5 million and $10 million;
- a 50 percent tax on the value of an estate between $10 million and $50 million;
- a 55 percent tax on the value of an estate in excess of $50 million;
- and a 77 percent tax on the value of an estate above $1 billion—a return to the top rate from 1941 through 1976.
While the timetable would be uncertain, as estate taxes only take effect when someone dies, Sanders’ team estimates the changes would raise $2.2 trillion from the country’s 588 billionaires. Policy aides told the Washington Post that over the next decade, the tax would raise about $315 billion.
Citing estimates by Sanders’ staff based on Forbes data, the Post outlined:
Sanders’ bold bill also comes on the heels of a proposed wealth tax from Sen. Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), who is considering running for president in 2020. After billionaire and former Starbucks CEO Howard Schultz—who’s also weighing a presidential run—dismissed her plan as “ridiculous,” Warren charged, “What’s ‘ridiculous’ is billionaires who think they can buy the presidency to keep the system rigged for themselves while opportunity slips away for everyone else.”
Sanders’ policy director Warren Gunnels mused on Twitter that Schultz—who’s worth more than $3 billion, according to Forbes—”is probably not going to like our bill, but that’s ok. It’s called For the 99.8 percent Act for a reason.”
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